CNC and N2000, alongside global partners, produce, market and distribute a low-cost, highly effective nitrogen-based fertilizer and a globally traded commodity.

Ammonia produced at CNC and N2000 is marketed exclusively by Koch Fertilizer International to customers located as far afield as Africa, Asia, North America and South America. The two plants on the Point Lisas Industrial Estate have a combined annual production capacity of 1.3 million metric tons, providing a valuable source of foreign exchange for Trinidad and Tobago.

Both plants use the Kellogg Advanced Ammonia Process (KAAP), at the time a cutting edge innovation in ammonia technology. There are currently seven KAAP plants in operation worldwide and five of these are located in Trinidad.

About 0.7 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) by-product from the plants is sold annually to other Point Lisas plants for use in methanol and urea production. This enables CNC and N2000 to contribute to reducing CO2 emissions in Trinidad, which was an important consideration during the development of the projects.

Uses of Ammonia

Ammonia is used globally by industries ranging from mining and agriculture to the production of consumer goods.

As a valuable source of nitrogen, ammonia is essential to plant growth and therefore a key resource for the agricultural sector. About 80% of the ammonia produced by industry is used in agriculture as fertilizer. Ammonia is used in the production of liquid fertilizer solutions, such as urea ammonium nitrate and to produce urea and ammonium and nitrate salts. This is a vital source of protein used in livestock feeds for animals including cattle, sheep and goats.

It is used on an industrial scale in emission control systems to aid the reduction of polluting nitrogen oxides.

Ammonia is used widely in the manufacture of consumer products, including household cleaning products, pharmaceuticals, vitamins and cosmetics, synthetic textile fibers and some plastics.

The oil, mining and paper industries also use ammonia in various neutralization, extraction and pulping operations as well as for corrosion protection. Dilute ammonia solutions are even used as commercial and household cleaners and detergents.